Common Screening Tests

Some of the common screening tests are:

Cholesterol measurement

Cholesterol screening can be performed by a blood test. People with high cholesterol level in blood are at risk of developing heart diseases. Thus, it is important to have a routine cholesterol check to make sure that your cholesterol level in blood is within normal range, and if not, a timely and proper treatment plan is followed.

Fecal occult blood

Fecal occult blood is detected by microscopic analysis for blood in the stool. Blood in stool could be related to ingestion of certain medications or foods, gastrointestinal bleeding, hemorrhoids, or even cancerous growth indicative of colorectal cancer. Testing is recommended starting at age of 50 by many institutions including American Cancer Society

Pap test

Pap smears are samples of cells taken from the cervix of women to look for a possible growth of cancerous cells indicative of cervical cancer. Pap smear may be referred as abnormal but may not mean that a woman has cervical cancer. Some organization recommend HPV (Human Papillomavirus) screening for certain women alongside the pap smear. Pap smear is recommended for sexually active woman under the age of 65.

Mammography

Breast cancer can be detect by mammography or x-ray imaging of breasts. Mammography screening is recommended every 1 – 2 year after age of 50. This test is done in conjunction with a physical examination of breast that can be done on a monthly basis.

Colonoscopy

Screening for colon cancer is recommended at age of 50, earlier if you a family history or other risk factors

Diabetes

All adults should be screened for diabetes starting at age of 45.

 

 

Source: https://www.hopkinsmedicine.org/healthlibrary/conditions/pathology/screening_tests_for_common_diseases_85,P00965

Schedule an appointment with your doctors to discuss what screenings and exams you need and when you need them.

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Published by

Salma Matar

Digital Health Blogger

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